Lubbock ( LUB-ək)
is the 10th-most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of government of Lubbock County. With a population of 263,930 in 2022, the city is also the 85th-most populous in the United States. The city is in the northwestern part of the state (the region is the Great Plains), an area known historically and geographically as the Llano Estacado, and ecologically is part of the southern end of the High Plains, lying at the economic center of the Lubbock metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 328,283 in 2022.
Lubbock's nickname, "Hub City," derives from it being the economic, educational, and health-care hub of the multicounty region, north of the Permian Basin and south of the Texas Panhandle, commonly called the South Plains. The area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on water from the Ogallala Aquifer for irrigation.
Lubbock is home to Texas Tech University, the sixth-largest college by enrollment in the state.
In 1867, the land that would become Lubbock was the heart of Comancheria, the shifting domain controlled by the Comanche.
Lubbock County was founded in 1876. It was named after Thomas Saltus Lubbock, former Texas Ranger and brother of Francis Lubbock, governor of Texas during the Civil War. As early as 1884, a U.S. post office existed in Yellow House Canyon. A small town, known as Old Lubbock, Lubbock, or North Town, was established about three miles to the east. In 1890, the original Lubbock merged with Monterey, another small town south of the canyon. The new town adopted the Lubbock name. The merger included moving the original Lubbock's Nicolett Hotel across the canyon on rollers to the new townsite. Lubbock became the county seat in 1891, and was incorporated on March 16, 1909. In the same year, the first railroad train arrived.
Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University) was founded in Lubbock in 1923. A separate university, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, opened as Texas Tech University School of Medicine in 1969. Both universities are now overseen by the Texas Tech University System, after it was established in 1996 and based in Lubbock. Lubbock Christian University, founded in 1957, affiliated with the Churches of Christ, has its main campus in the city. South Plains College and Wayland Baptist University operate branch campuses in Lubbock.
At one time, Lubbock was home to Reese Air Force Base, located 6 mi (10 km) west of the city. It was established in August 1941, during the defense build-up prior to World War II (1941–1945), by the United States Department of War and the U.S. Army as Lubbock Army Airfield. It served the old U.S. Army Air Forces, and later the U.S. Air Force (USAF), after reorganization and establishment in 1947. The USAF base's primary mission throughout its existence was pilot training. The base was closed 30 September 1997, after being selected for closure by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission in 1995, and is now a research and business park called Reese Technology Center.
The city is home to the Lubbock Lake Landmark, part of the Museum of Texas Tech University. The landmark is an archaeological and natural-history preserve at the northern edge of the city. It shows evidence of almost 12,000 years of human occupation in the region. The National Ranching Heritage Center, also part of the Museum of Texas Tech University, houses historic ranch-related structures from the region.
During World War II, airmen cadets from the Royal Air Force, flying from their training base at Terrell, Texas, routinely flew to Lubbock on training flights. The town served as a stand-in for the British for Cork, Ireland, which was the same distance from London, England, as Lubbock is from Terrell.
In August 1951, a V-shaped formation of lights was seen over the city. The "Lubbock Lights" series of sightings received national publicity and is regarded as one of the first great "UFO" cases. The sightings were considered credible because they were witnessed by several respected science professors at Texas Technological College and were photographed by a Texas Tech student. The photographs were reprinted nationwide in newspapers and in Life. Project Blue Book, the USAF's official investigation of the UFO mystery, concluded the photographs were not a hoax and showed genuine objects, but dismissed the UFOs as being either "night-flying moths" or a type of bird called a plover reflected in the nighttime glow of Lubbock's new street lights.
In 1960, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Lubbock's population as 128,691 and area as 75.0 sq mi (194 km).
On May 11, 1970, the Lubbock Tornado struck the city. Twenty-six people died, and damage was estimated at $125 million. The Metro Tower (NTS Building), then known as the Great Plains Life Building, at 274 ft (84 m) in height, is believed to have been the tallest building ever to survive a direct hit from an F5 tornado.
During the late 1970s to mid-1980s, Texas Instruments was a major Lubbock employer, manufacturing consumer electronics — including early calculators, digital watches, and TI-99 series home computers. In the early 1980s, shipping up to 5,000 computers a day from the Lubbock factory, TI briefly dominated the U.S. home computer market.
In August, 1988, tens of thousands of people came to Lubbock, drawn by an apparition of Mary.
On August 12, 2008, the Lubbock Chamber of Commerce announced they would lead the effort to get enough signatures to have a vote on allowing county-wide packaged alcohol sales. The petition effort was successful and the question was put to the voters. On May 9, 2009, Proposition 1, which expanded the sale of packaged alcohol in Lubbock County, passed by a margin of nearly two to one, with 64.5% in favor. Proposition 2, which legalized the sale of mixed drinks in restaurants county-wide, passed with 69.5% in favor. On September 23, 2009, The Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission issued permits to more than 80 stores in Lubbock. Prior to May 9, 2009, Lubbock County allowed "package" sales of alcohol (sales of bottled liquor from liquor stores), but not "by the drink" sales, except at private establishments such as country clubs. Inside the city limits, the situation was reversed, with restaurants and bars able to serve alcohol, but liquor stores forbidden.
After news broke about Planned Parenthood of Greater Texas hiring for a Lubbock location, Senator Charles Perry started a petition to keep Planned Parenthood out of Lubbock. On September 9, 2020, Senator Perry held a press conference with Representative Dustin Burrows and Representative John Frullo in support of Lubbock becoming a "sanctuary city for the unborn" through the passage of an ordinance, written by anti-abortion activist Mark Lee Dickson, which would outlaw abortion within the city limits. On November 17, 2020, the Lubbock City Council voted 7–0 against the ordinance outlawing abortion, leading the "sanctuary city for the unborn" initiating committee to file for the ordinance to be placed on the May ballot. Planned Parenthood began offering abortion services on April 15, 2021, with early voting taking place on April 19, 2021. On May 1, 2021, the citizens of Lubbock voted on the ordinance with 62% in favor and 38% against, becoming the largest "sanctuary city for the unborn" in the nation. Planned Parenthood filed a lawsuit in an attempt to stop the ordinance from going into effect, but lost their case after the ordinance went into effect on June 1, 2021, and a federal judge dismissed the case. Planned Parenthood later appealed the decision to the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals, but in January 2022 withdrew their appeal.
Lubbock is considered to be the center of the Llano Estacado portion of the South Plains, with Midland on the southern edge, and Amarillo denoting the northern boundary. According to the United States Census Bureau, as of 2022, the city has a total area of 135.85 sq mi (351.85 km2), of which 134.605 sq mi (348.63 km) (99.08%) are land and 1.244 sq mi (3.22 km2), or (0.92%), is covered by water. The population density was 1,900 inhabitants per square mile (730/km2).
The tallest buildings in Lubbock are listed below.
Lubbock has a cool semi-arid climate Köppen classification BSk). On average, Lubbock receives 18.33 in (466 mm) of rain and 7.0 in (0.18 m) of snow per year.
In 2013, Lubbock was named the "Toughest Weather City" in America according to the Weather Channel.
Summers are hot, with 92 afternoons on average of 90 °F (32.2 °C)+ highs and 13.3 afternoons of 100 °F (37.8 °C)+ highs, with lows of 70 °F (21.1 °C)+ on 30 mornings. Lubbock is the 10th-windiest city in the US with an average wind speed of 12.4 mph (20.0 km/h; 5.5 m/s). The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F (45.6 °C) on June 27, 1994.
Winter afternoons in Lubbock are typically sunny and mild, but mornings are cold, with temperatures usually dipping below freezing, and as the city is in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 7, lows reaching 10 °F or −12.2 °C occur on 1.5 mornings and 4.5 afternoons occur where the temperature fails to rise above freezing. The lowest recorded temperature was −17 °F (−27.2 °C) on February 8, 1933.
Lubbock can experience severe thunderstorms during the spring, and occasionally the summer. The risk of tornadoes and very large hail exists during the spring in particular, as Lubbock sits on the far southwestern edge of Tornado Alley.
The 2019 American Community Survey's demographic and housing estimates program determined Lubbock had a population of 258,870, a slight increase over the U.S. Census Bureau's population estimate of 258,862. At the 2010 United States census, 229,573 people, 88,506 households, and 53,042 families resided in the city. At the 2000 U.S. census, 199,564 people, 77,527 households, and 48,531 families resided in the city. By 2020, its population grew to 257,141, down from the 2019 census estimates.
Of the population in 2019, 125,685 were male and 133,185 were female. There were 94.4 males per 100 females in the city limits. In 2019, the median age was 29.8 years; according to Move.org in 2016, Lubbock and its metropolitan area was the 6th best for residents aged 20 and older. The Lubbock area was also first in Texas for Millennial home-ownership, and 14th in the U.S. in 2020. The median value of owner-occupied housing units were $152,800 and the gross rent for Lubbock was $976. Lubbockites had a median household income of $52,254 in 2019, and a mean income of $72,144.
In 2011, the estimated median income for a household in the city was $43,364, and for a family was $59,185. Male full-time workers had a median income of $40,445 versus $30,845 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,092. About 11.4% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. The city's median household income in 2000 was $31,844, and for the median family income was $41,418. Males had a median income of $30,222 versus $21,708 for females. The city's per capita income was $17,511. About 12.0% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
In 2019, Lubbock had a racial and ethnic makeup of 50.1% non-Hispanic whites, 7.1% Blacks and African Americans, 0.3% American Indians and Alaska Natives, 2.6% Asians, <0.1% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 0.1% some other race, and 2.4% two or more races. The Hispanic and Latino American population (of any race) was an estimated 37.4% of the total population. For comparison and contrast in 2020, the racial and ethnic makeup of the city was 47.58% non-Hispanic white, 9.57% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American or Alaska Native, 3.59% Asian alone, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.32% some other race, 2.81% multiracial, and 35.6% Hispanic or Latino American of any race. The diversifying population reflected state- and nationwide trends among traditional minority populations.
In 2010, the racial makeup of the city was 75.8% White, 8.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.9% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latin Americans of any race were 32.1% of the population. Non-Hispanic whites were 55.7% of the population in 2010, down from 77.2% in 1970. In 2000, the city's racial makeup was 72.9% White, 8.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 14.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.5% of the population.
Christianity is the dominant religion in Lubbock and its metropolitan area, being part of the Bible Belt. As of 2020, the largest Christian groups were Baptists, followed by the Catholic Church and Methodism. The largest Baptist denominations within the Lubbock area are the Southern Baptist Convention and Baptist General Convention of Texas. Catholics within the metropolitan area are primarily served by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lubbock. Methodists are divided between the United Methodist Church and other smaller Methodist bodies. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints dedicated a temple in the city in 2002 that serves church members living in West Texas, the Panhandle, and adjacent parts of New Mexico.
Of the religious population, 1.9% practiced Islam; the Islamic religion is the second largest in the area as of 2020. Eastern faiths including Buddhism and Hinduism were collectively the third largest groups in Lubbock, and Judaism was practiced by an estimated 0.1% of the population.
The Lubbock area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on federal government agricultural subsidies and on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer. The aquifer is being depleted at a rate unsustainable over the long term. Some progress has been made toward water conservation, and new technologies such as low-energy precision application irrigation were originally developed in the Lubbock area. A new pipeline from Lake Alan Henry is expected to supply up to 3.2 billion US gallons (12,000,000 m; 12 GL) of water per year.
The 10 largest employers in terms of the number of employees are Texas Tech University, Covenant Health System, Lubbock Independent School District, University Medical Center, United Supermarkets, City of Lubbock, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, AT&T, and Lubbock County. A study conducted by a professor at the Rawls College of Business determined Texas Tech students, faculty, and staff contribute about $1.5 billion to the economy, with about $297.5 million from student shopping alone.
The Scrub-A-Dubb Barrel Company, in the north of the city, had been the cause of public complaints, and committed numerous environmental violations, since the 1970s. Local KCBD News undertook several investigations into the barrel recycling company's waste-handling practices, and when the business closed in 2011, the Environmental Protection Agency was called in to begin cleaning up the site, which they described as "a threat to public health, welfare, and the environment". Greg Fife, the EPA's on-site coordinator, said: "Out of the 60,000 we have on site, we think there are between 2,000 and 4,000 that have significant hazardous waste in them". Local residents were informed, "hazardous substances have overflowed the vats and flowed off the site into nearby Blackwater Draw and subsequently through Mackenzie recreational park. The runoff is easily accessible to children at play in the park, golfers, and the park's wildlife." Remediation of the site was expected to take at least five months, at a cost of $3.5 million in federal dollars.
Every year on July 4, Lubbock hosts the 4th on Broadway event, an Independence Day festival. The event is free to the public, and is considered the largest free festival in Texas. The day's activities usually include a morning parade, a street fair along Broadway Avenue with food stalls and live bands, the Early Settlers' Luncheon, and an evening concert/fireworks program. Broadway Festivals Inc., the nonprofit corporation which organizes the event, estimated a 2004 attendance over 175,000 people. Additionally, the College Baseball Foundation holds events relating to its National College Baseball Hall of Fame during the 4th on Broadway event.
The South Plains Fair is also hosted annually, and features a wide variety of entertainment, including live music, theme-park rides, and various food items sold in a carnival-like setting. During the fair, many agricultural and livestock contests also take place, bringing many participants from the surrounding cities.
The National Cowboy Symposium and Celebration, an annual event celebrating the prototypical Old West cowboy, takes place in Lubbock. The event, held in September, features art, music, cowboy poetry, stories, and the presentation of scholarly papers on cowboy culture and the history of the American West. A chuckwagon cook-off and horse parade also take place during the event.
The West Texas arts scene has created a "West Texas Walk of Fame" within Buddy and Maria Elena Holly Plaza in the historic Depot District, which details musicians such as Buddy Holly, who came from the local area. Lubbock continues to play host to rising and established alt-country acts at venues such as the Cactus Theater and The Blue Light Live, both on Buddy Holly Avenue. The spirit of Buddy Holly is preserved in the Buddy Holly Center in Lubbock's Depot District. The 2004 film Lubbock Lights showcased much of the music associated with the city of Lubbock.
Lubbock is the birthplace of rock and roll legend Buddy Holly, and features a cultural center named for him. The city renamed its annual Buddy Holly Music Festival the Lubbock Music Festival after Holly's widow increased usage fees for his name. Similarly, the city renamed the Buddy Holly West Texas Walk of Fame to honor area musicians as the West Texas Hall of Fame. On January 26, 2009, the City of Lubbock agreed to pay Holly's widow $20,000 for the next 20 years to maintain the name of the Buddy Holly Center. Additionally, land near the center will be named the Buddy and Maria Holly Plaza. Holly's legacy is also remembered through the work of deejays, such as Jerry "Bo" Coleman, Bud Andrews, and Virgil Johnson on radio station KDAV.
Groundbreaking was held on April 20, 2017, for the construction of a new performing arts center, the Buddy Holly Hall of Performing Arts and Sciences, a downtown $154 million project that opened in January 2021. Holly Hall will also have concession sites and a bistro with both outdoor and indoor dining. United Supermarkets has been named the food and beverage provider. Thus far, the private group, the Lubbock Entertainment and Performing Arts Association, has raised or received pledges in the amount of $93 million. The Lubbock Independent School District and Ballet Lubbock also support the project.
Lubbock is the birthplace of Mac Davis (1942–2020), who graduated at the age of 16 from Lubbock High School and became a country music singer, songwriter, and actor with crossover success. His early work writing for Elvis Presley produced the hits "Memories", "In the Ghetto", and "A Little Less Conversation". A subsequent solo career in the 1970s produced hits, such as "Baby, Don't Get Hooked on Me", making him a well-known name in popular music. He also starred in his own variety show, a Broadway musical, and various films and television programs.
Outsider musician and psychobilly pioneer The Legendary Stardust Cowboy was also born in Lubbock. He began his musical career there, playing free shows in various parking lots around town. Since striking it big, however, he has not performed in Lubbock, due to how little support and encouragement the city showed him when he was first starting out. John Denver got his start in Lubbock and as a freshman student at Texas Tech in 1966 could be found playing in the Student Union for free. His father was a colonel in the USAF stationed at Reese Air Force Base west of the city.
The Lubbock Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1946 and performs at the Lubbock Memorial Civic Center Theatre.
The Moonlight Musicals Amphitheater is a 930-seat amphitheater opened in 2006. For a period was known as the Wells Fargo Amphitheater. It is used for concerts, stage shows and other special events.
According to a study released by the nonpartisan Bay Area Center for Voting Research in 2005, Lubbock is the second-most conservative city in the United States among municipalities greater than 100,000 in population.
Lubbock sits within the Texas High Plains, an eight-million-acre region that produces 80% of the state's wine grapes. Five wineries, including the most award-winning in Texas (Llano Estacado Winery), are based near Lubbock, providing a significant draw for wine lovers.
The National Ranching Heritage Center, a museum of ranching history, is in Lubbock. It features a number of authentic early Texas ranch buildings, as well as a railroad depot and other historic buildings. An extensive collection of weapons is also on display.
The Southwest Collection, an archive of the history of the region and its surroundings, which also works closely with the College Baseball Foundation, is on the campus of Texas Tech University, as are the Moody Planetarium and the Museum of Texas Tech University.
The Depot District, an area of the city dedicated to music and nightlife in the old railroad depot area, boasts theatres, upscale restaurants, and cultural attractions. The district is also home to several shops, pubs, nightclubs, a radio station, a magazine, a winery, a salon, and other establishments. Many of the buildings were remodeled from the original Fort Worth & Denver South Plains Railway Depot which stood on the site. The Buddy Holly Center, a museum highlighting the life and music of Buddy Holly, is also in the Depot District, as is the restored community facility, the Cactus Theater.
Lubbock is also home to the Silent Wings Museum. Located on North I-27, Silent Wings features photographs and artifacts from World War II-era glider pilots.
The Science Spectrum is an interactive museum and 58-foot, domed-screen "omni theatre" with a special focus on children and youth.
Canyon Lakes Archaeological District
Fort Worth and Denver South Plains Railway Depot
Fred and Annie Snyder House
Holden Properties Historic District
Lubbock High School
Lubbock Lake Landmark
Lubbock Post Office and Federal Building
South Overton Residential Historic District
Texas Technological College Dairy Barn
Texas Technological College Historic District
Warren and Myrta Bacon House
William Curry Holden and Olive Price Holden House
The Texas Tech Red Raiders are in the Big 12 Conference and field 17 teams in 11 different varsity sports. Men's varsity sports at Texas Tech are baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, tennis, and indoor and outdoor track and field. Women's varsity sports are basketball, cross country, golf, indoor and outdoor track and field, soccer, softball, tennis, and volleyball. The university also offers 30 club sports, including cycling, equestrianism, ice hockey, lacrosse, polo, rodeo, rugby, running, sky diving, swimming, water polo, and wrestling. In 2006, the polo team, composed of Will Tankard, Ross Haislip, Peter Blake, and Tanner Kneese, won the collegiate national championship.
The football program has been competing since October 3, 1925. The Red Raiders have won 15 conference titles and been to 50 bowl games, winning five of the last seven.
The men's basketball program, started in 1925, has been to the NCAA Tournament 18 times—advancing to the Sweet 16 seven times, and the Elite Eight twice, and in 2019 they reached the Final Four and were the NCAA Tournament Runner-Up under coach Chris Beard. Bob Knight, hall-of-famer and second-winningest coach in men's college basketball history, coached the team from 2001 to 2008.
Of the varsity sports, Texas Tech has had its greatest success in women's basketball. Led by Sheryl Swoopes and head coach Marsha Sharp, the Lady Raiders won the NCAA Women's Basketball Championship in 1993. The Lady Raiders have also been to the NCAA Elite Eight three times and the NCAA Sweet 16 seven times. In early 2006, Lady Raiders coach Marsha Sharp resigned and was replaced on March 30, 2006, by Kristy Curry, who had been coaching at Purdue.
In addition, Lubbock is the home of the Chaparrals of Lubbock Christian University. With a recent move up to NCAA Division 2, the women's basketball team has won the 2016 and 2019 national championships. In 2009, the Lubbock Christian University baseball team won their second NAIA National Championship.
High-school athletics also feature prominently in the local culture.
The Lubbock Renegades, a member of the af2, a developmental league of the Arena Football League, were in operation from 2006 to 2008.The team played in the former Lubbock Memorial Coliseum.
The Lubbock Cotton Kings, of the former Central Hockey League, operated from 1999 to 2007.
In 2021, National Premier Soccer League announced the formation of the Lubbock Matadors in the 2022 season.
In 2007, the Lubbock Western All-Stars Little League Baseball team made it to the final four of the Little League World Series.
In March 1877, during the Buffalo Hunters' War, the Battle of Yellow House Canyon took place at what is now the site of Mackenzie Park. Today, Mackenzie Park is home to the now closed Joyland Amusement Park, Prairie Dog Town, and both a disc golf and a regular golf course. The park also holds the American Wind Power Center, which houses over 100 historic windmills on 28 acres (11 hectares). Two tributaries of the Brazos River wind through Mackenzie Park, which is collectively part of the rather extensive Lubbock Park system. These two streams, Yellow House Draw and Blackwater Draw, converge in the golf course, forming the head of Yellow House Canyon, which carries the waters of the North Fork Double Mountain Fork Brazos River.
Lubbock is home to numerous parks, scattered throughout the city. Most parks feature a small lake and attract waterfowl of various species. One of Lubbock's larger lakes, Dunbar Historic Lake, lies in Dunbar Historic Lake Park, near Mackenzie Park. Drainage exits into the North Fork Double Mountain Fork Brazos River. The park features miles of hiking trails and the Crosbyton-Southplains Railroad trestle, built in 1911, which spans the North Fork Double Mountain Fork Brazos River at the park's southeast end. This trestle has become known by many locals as "Hell's Gate" or "Hell's Gate Trestle" for its supposed paranormal activity.
Many parks in Lubbock are home to a series of Playa Lakes. Often small in size, the lakes serve as reservoirs for stormwater and irrigation runoff, and are an important part of the West Texas High Plains ecosystem. Playa lakes generally drain from one to another over land during a rainfall event, but many were connected as part of an underground drainage project in the early 2000s to avoid flooding.
Lubbock has a council-manager government system, with all governmental powers resting in a legislative body called a city council. Voters elect six council members, one for each of Lubbock's six districts, and a mayor. The council members serve for a term of four years, and the mayor serves for two years. After the first meeting of the city council after newly elected council members are seated, the council elects a mayor pro tempore, who serves as mayor in absence of the elected mayor. The council also appoints a city manager to handle the ordinary business of the city. Currently, no term limits are set for either city council members or the mayor.
After a previous attempt failed in the city council, Lubbock approved by popular referendum a "sanctuary city for the unborn" ordinance, seeking to outlaw abortion within city limits. The ordinance went into effect shortly thereafter and the only abortion clinic stopped providing abortion care. Planned Parenthood sued and a federal judge upheld the ordinance.
In the Texas House of Representatives, Lubbock County is covered by districts 83 and 84.
John Cornyn went from a nearly 80% win in the city in 2014 to a barely 63% win in 2020.
Schools in Lubbock are operated by several public school districts and independent organizations.
Public school districts with sections serving the Lubbock city limits:
Lubbock Independent School District
Frenship Independent School District
Idalou Independent School District
Lubbock-Cooper Independent School District
New Deal Independent School District
Roosevelt Independent School District
Shallowater Independent School District
All Saints Episcopal School
Christ the King Cathedral School
Trinity Christian School
Lubbock Christian School
Kingdom Preparatory Academy
Southcrest Christian School
Harmony Science Academy
Lubbock is home to Texas Tech University, which was established on February 10, 1923, as Texas Technological College. It is the leading institution of the Texas Tech University System and has the seventh-largest enrollment in the state of Texas. It is one of two schools (the other being UT Austin) in Texas to house an undergraduate institution, law school, and medical school at the same location. Altogether, the university has educated students from all 50 US states and over 100 foreign countries. Enrollment has continued to increase in recent years, and growth is on track with a plan to have 40,000 students by 2020.
Lubbock is also home to other college campuses in the city, including Lubbock Christian University, South Plains College, Wayland Baptist University, and Sunset International Bible Institute.
Covenant Health System, a health-care provider serving West Texas and Eastern New Mexico, operates a school of nursing, school of radiography, and school of surgical technology.
Lubbock's main newspaper is the daily Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, which is owned by Gannett. The newspaper also publishes a full-color lifestyle magazine, Lubbock Magazine, eight times a year. Texas Tech University publishes a student-run daily newspaper called The Daily Toreador.
Local TV stations include KTTZ-TV-5 (PBS), KCBD-11 (NBC), KLBK-13 (CBS), KAMC-28 (ABC), and KJTV-TV-34 (Fox).
Texas Tech University Press, the book- and journal-publishing office of Texas Tech University, was founded in 1971, and as of 2012, has about 400 scholarly, regional, literary, and children's titles in print.
88.1 KTXT-FM (College)
88.5 K203CB (Christian Contemporary)
89.1 KTTZ-FM (Public Radio)
89.7 KLTB (Spanish Christian)
90.1 KAMY-FM (Christian Contemporary)
90.5 KBAH (Religious)
90.9 KKLU (Christian Contemporary)
91.5 K218DI (Religious)
91.9 KPGA (FM)(Christian Contemporary)
92.3 K222CQ KLZK (Hip Hop)
92.7 KVCE (Religious)
93.1 K226CH KTTU-FM (Texas Country)
93.7 KLBB-FM (Classic Hits)
94.1 K231BE KLZK (Classic Country)
94.5 KFMX (Active Rock)
95.1 K236CP KFYO (AM) (News & Talk)
95.5 KAIQ (Regional Mexican)
95.9 K240FA KRFE (Talk)
96.3 KLLL (Country)
96.9 K245BG KTTU-FM (Classic Country)
97.3 KTTU-FM (Sports)
97.7 K249DU KTTU-FM (Oldies)
98.1 KKCL-FM (Classic Hits)
98.7 K254CI ( Christian Contemporary)
99.1 KLCT LPFM (Religious)
99.5 KQBR (Country)
100.3 KMMX (Top-40)
100.7 K264AN (Sports Talk)
101.1 KONE-FM (Classic Rock)
101.7 K269HH KKLU (Christian Contemporary)
102.1 K271DE KAMY-FM (Christian Contemporary)
102.5 KZII (Top-40)
102.9 KVIO-FM LPFM (Religious)
103.5 KAMZ (Regional Mexican)
103.9 K280GU KKAM (Talk)
104.3 KHLK (Religious)
104.9 KBTE (Hip Hop)
105.3 KJDL-FM (Spanish Christian)
105.7 KRBL (Texas Country)
106.5 KXTQ-FM (Tejano)
106.9 KKYN (Country)
107.3 KSSL (Classic Country)
107.7 KLZK (Hot Adult Contemporary)
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Lubbock District Parole Office in Lubbock.
The Texas Department of Transportation operates the West Regional Support Center and Lubbock District Office in Lubbock.
The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Lubbock.
Lubbock is served by major highways. Interstate 27 (the former Avenue H) links the city to Amarillo and Interstate 40, a transcontinental route. I-27 was completed through the city in 1992 (it originally terminated just north of downtown). Other major highways include US 62 and US 82, which run concurrently (except for 4th Street (82) and 19th Street (62)) through the city east–west as the Marsha Sharp Freeway, 19th Street (62 only), 4th Street/Parkway Drive (82 only) and Idalou Highway. US 84 (Avenue Q/Slaton Highway/Clovis Road) is also another east–west route running NW/SE diagonally. US Highway 87 runs between San Angelo and Amarillo and follows I-27 concurrently. State Highway 114 runs east–west, following US 62/82 on the east before going its own way. Lubbock is circled by Loop 289, which suffers from traffic congestion despite being a potential bypass around the city, which is the reason behind I-27 and Brownfield Highway being built through the city to have freeway traffic flow effectively inside the loop.
The city is set up on a simple grid plan. In the heart of the city, numbered streets run east–west and lettered avenues run north–south – the grid begins at Avenue A in the east and First Street in the north. North of First Street, city planners chose to name streets alphabetically from the south to the north after colleges and universities. The north–south avenues run from A to Y. What would be Avenue Z is actually University Avenue, since it runs along the east side of Texas Tech. Beyond that, the A-to-Z convention resumes, using US cities found east of the Mississippi (e.g. Akron Avenue, Boston Avenue, Canton Avenue). Again, the Z name is not used, with Slide Road appearing in its place.
Lubbock currently does not provide intercity rail service, although various proposals have been presented over the years to remedy this. One, the Caprock Chief, would have seen daily service as part of a Fort Worth, Texas—Denver, Colorado service, but it failed to gain interest. Lubbock is served by the BNSF Railway company, Plainsman Switching Company (PSC), and West Texas & Lubbock Railway (WTLC). PSC interchanges with BNSF (also with UP through a UP-BNSF Haulage agreement) in Lubbock and has 19 miles of track within city limits of Lubbock with 36 customers. Options exist for transloading a variety of materials on the line, from wind-turbine parts to steel shafts. PSC handles many commodities such as cottonseed, cottonseed oil, cottonseed meal, cottonseed hulls, milo, corn, wheat, pinto beans, sand, rock, lumber, nonperishable food items, chemicals, paper products, brick, and bagging material, and can also store cars. WTLC interchanges with BNSF (also with UP through a UP-BNSF Haulage agreement) in Lubbock. WTLC has a yard on the west side of Lubbock, where they switch cars to go down their line to Levelland or to Brownfield. WTLC handles commodities of grains, chemicals, sands, peanuts, lumber, etc.
The city's air services are provided by Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport, which is named for the Lubbock businessman who became lieutenant governor and governor of Texas. It is on the city's northeast side. The airport is the eighth-busiest airport in Texas. Lubbock Preston Smith Airport also plays host as a major hub to FedEx's feeder planes that serve cities around Lubbock.
Greyhound Lines operates the Lubbock Station at 801 Broadway, just east of the Lubbock County Courthouse.
Public transportation is provided by Citibus, a bus transit system running Monday through Saturday every week with a transit center hub in downtown. It runs bus routes throughout the city, with the main routes converging at the Downtown Transfer Plaza, which also houses the Greyhound bus terminal. Citibus has been in continual service since 1971, when the city of Lubbock took over public transit operations. The paratransit system is called Citiaccess.
Citibus' six diesel-electric hybrid buses have begun service on city routes. Managers hope the buses will use 60% of the fuel their older, larger versions consume in moving customers across the city. The buses seat 23 passengers, can support full-sized wheelchairs, and will run on all but two city-based routes.
According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 80.9% of working Lubbock (city) residents commuted by driving alone, 12.9% carpooled, 1% used public transportation, and 1.5% walked. About 1.5% used all other forms of transportation, including taxi, bicycle, and motorcycle. About 2.3% worked at home.
In 2015, 7.3% of Lubbock households were without a car, which decreased to 5.6% in 2016. The national average was 8.7% in 2016. Lubbock averaged 1.74 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household.
In the early years of the 21st century, Lubbock turned its Milwaukee Avenue into a major thoroughfare. Previously, Milwaukee was a 4-mile dirt road on farm land with hardly any traffic a mile or more from major development. With growth headed westward, the city allocated nearly $20 million to convert the road into a seven-lane concrete thoroughfare. In 2004, the city funded the project and other developments to come by establishing a new fund that tapped part of the franchise fees received. As of 2018, more than $124 million in street construction has been possible from the fund, including Slide Road, 98th Street, Indiana Avenue, and the last phases of the Marsha Sharp Freeway. Public Works Director Wood Franklin said Milwaukee Avenue was conceived on the "build it and they will come" theory. Marc McDougal, then the mayor of Lubbock, described the project as a well calculated risk that subsequently greatly benefited the city.
The majority of Lubbock is served by Lubbock Power and Light, founded in 1916. After over 100 years of service, LP&L has decided to join the Electric Reliability Council of Texas and open the Lubbock market to competitive electricity providers. Their recent anticipated approval by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has been denied as of April 27, 2023. LP&L still claims their plan for a competitive market is on track.
Taylor Force late United States Army officer after whom the Taylor Force Act was named
Patrick Mahomes, star quarterback who as of 2023, won 2 super bowls with the Chiefs.
Josh Jung, Third Baseman and hitter for the Texas Rangers.
City of Musashino, Tokyo, Japan – relationship established 1983
City of León, Guanajuato, Mexico – relationship established 1985
City of Can Tho, Vietnam
City of Ulsan, South Korea
Ciudad Acuña, Mexico
Abbe, Donald R. & Carlson, Paul H. (2008). Historic Lubbock County: An Illustrated History. Historical Pub Network. ISBN 978-1-893619-90-6.
Bogener, Stephen; Tydeman, William, eds. (2011). Llano Estacado: An Island in the Sky. Texas Tech University Press. ISBN 978-0-89672-682-6.
Cochran, Mike & Lumpkin, John (1999). West Texas: A Portrait of Its People and Their Raw and Wondrous Land. Texas Tech University Press. ISBN 978-0-89672-426-6.
Martin, Conny McDonald (2003). Art Lives in West Texas. Pecan Press. ISBN 978-0-9670928-1-2.
Neal, Bill (2009). Sex, Murder, and the Unwritten Law: Courting Judicial Mayhem, Texas Style. Texas Tech University Press. ISBN 978-0-89672-662-8.
Pfluger, Marsha (2004). Across Time and Territory: A Walk through the National Ranching Heritage Center. National Ranching Heritage Center. ISBN 978-0-9759360-0-9.
Lubbock Chamber of Commerce
Lubbock from the Handbook of Texas Online
Geographic data related to Lubbock, Texas at OpenStreetMap
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ADA Compliance in Lubbock, Texas
ADA Compliance For the Masses
ADA compliance is short for the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). But technically, ADA Compliance refers to the modification of the architectural or structural elements of buildings and facilities designed for persons with handicaps. Although ADA compliant activities may include changes to a facility's exterior, many businesses and organizations prefer to focus their ADA compliance efforts on the inside of the facility. In other words, ADA compliant activities usually mean alterations to the interior of the facility, rather than the exterior. But ADA compliance really means much more than simply making changes or adjustments to make a facility more accessible.
ADA compliance is actually a legal requirement for almost all U.S. residents and visitors who are not otherwise prohibited from entering or remaining within a public accommodation. In order to meet this legal requirement, most organizations and businesses now have well developed procedures on how to make changes in their facilities without running afoul of ADA regulations. In fact, a large number of companies now have ADA compliance programs or policies as part of their general public accommodation planning and policy development. These specialized policies provide general guidelines on how to ensure that the various services and amenities provided by a public accommodation are made easily accessible to all individuals who might be disabled.
A great deal of emphasis has been placed on ADA compliance in the last decade because of the increasing presence of individuals with disabilities in the workforce. According to the American Psychological Association, disability impacts nearly one in five American adults, and almost half of these adults are women. Individuals with disabilities often face unemployment and a variety of barriers to gain employment. Therefore, it is not surprising that disability-based ADA compliance is an important part of every business's or organization's public accommodation planning and policy development.
Businesses and organizations have developed ADA compliant website content in a variety of fields, such as advertising, communications, employee relations, financial services, healthcare, hospitality, legal, marketing, and technology. In each of these fields, a variety of websites are available for ADA compliant portal access. Some of the most popular websites for ADA compliance include: The White House ADA Website, which provides a plethora of information on the federal government's ADA website; The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Fair Housing and equal opportunity policies, which provides extensive information on housing law regarding accessibility for disabled individuals; The Centers for Medicare Services' Medicare Accessibility Center, which provides accessible home page information on various Medicare issues pertaining to the law. Several state governments provide similar ADA compliant websites, as well. Most business organizations retain local ADA office staff to provide ADA assistance at meetings and seminars. You may also contact local government agencies to find out what ADA compliance requirements apply to your particular area.
In addition to creating ADA compliant websites, organizations and businesses must also take additional steps to become more accessible to individuals with disabilities. ADA Compliance Kit is a series of thirteen kits, which include comprehensive guidebooks and pamphlets that explain the legal standards governing ADA compliance. These documents provide detailed descriptions of the various types of accommodations that are required to make people with various types of disabilities able to become wheelchair accessible or use devices like walkers or scooters. Individuals who are interested in obtaining ADA training should also check their local government offices to see if they require any training or other assistance to achieve ADA compliance.
The guidelines describe the format of the Kit and give details on the accessibility of web content and other written materials. The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines outline four steps that should be followed to ensure ADA compliance. Once these four steps have been completed, individuals and businesses can apply for ADA approval.
In order to successfully complete the application process, it is necessary to obtain a letter of authorization from an individual with a disability. Individuals and businesses should not attempt to complete the application without the proper forms. A copy of the letter of authorization is then included on the ADA compliant website. To make websites more accessible for people with disabilities, many companies also make their website content accessible by using Braille fonts instead of full color. Braille text makes websites easy to read for most people. Using this option helps individuals who cannot see print to easily access websites.
ADA compliance requires organizations to take action. Without ADA compliance, individuals with disabilities will not be able to fully participate in American society. ADA compliance can be achieved by contacting the local government agencies and by ensuring that all regulations are met. Individuals who need assistance with getting ready for ADA compliance should also check the government's ADA website. Websites of state and local government agencies are also great sources for information on ADA compliance and tips for achieving ADA compliance.
Asphalt Crack filling & Sealing in Lubbock, Texas
The process of asphalt crack sealing is a great way to improve the appearance of your driveway or parking lot.
How to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Asphalt Crack Sealing
There are several factors to consider before choosing the right type of sealant: cost, environmental impact, and quality. Listed below are some of the main factors to consider. Once you've decided which method to use, you can move forward to the next step: evaluating the quality of sealants and the effectiveness of your crack sealing project.
To determine the effectiveness of different methods of crack sealing, researchers have analyzed the performance of unsealed and sealed pavement. Most studies have focused on unsealed pavement and found that sealing improves pavement performance. However, not many studies have compared the cost-benefit of different techniques. This research aims to address this gap. In this article, we will discuss the differences and similarities between these two methods.
Although it is an important preventive maintenance strategy, pavement experts differ on which method is more cost-effective. Using literature review, a survey, and field performance data, researchers have developed a cost-effectiveness guideline for pavement crack sealing. The results from this study provide a basis for comparing the various methods. Crack sealing is also more expensive than crack filling. Despite its initial high cost, crack sealing may offer longer service. More research is needed to determine whether higher performance materials are truly beneficial.
While asphalt crack sealing may not have a negative environmental impact, it can have a detrimental impact on pavements. When applied improperly, crack sealing can cause damage to asphalt pavements due to moisture entrapment. Unlike other types of surface treatments, crack sealing prevents water from escaping upwards. In fact, crack sealing can reduce the lifespan of pavements by 1.1 to 2 years. This can lead to an increase in maintenance and rehabilitation costs.
This study shows that a crack seal technique can reduce emissions of nitrogen oxide and sulphur dioxide by 50 percent. However, the crack seal method has the lowest overall emission reduction. The researchers suggest that all methods of preventive maintenance reduce carbon dioxide emissions. They recommend that new pavement studies incorporate sustainable pavement management components and consider the environmental impact of asphalt crack sealing. The study concludes that future pavements must incorporate a comprehensive life-cycle assessment to evaluate their overall environmental impact.
Quality of sealant
When determining the quality of asphalt crack sealant, consider the following factors: Size, shape, moisture content, and repair method. Crack sealant's success depends on several factors. Generally, a crack less than 20% in crack density requires a more flexible product. In contrast, a larger crack density requires a stiffer sealant. In addition, sealant's tackiness decreases after it has been cured.
When choosing an asphalt crack filler, make sure to choose one with the right adhesive properties. Asphalt filler is not rubberized, and it might dislodge if the pavement moves. Sealant, on the other hand, expands and contracts with the pavement. If the crack filler doesn't expand and contract with the pavement, it is not the right choice. For this reason, choosing a high-quality asphalt crack filler is imperative.
Asphalt Maintenance & Repair in Lubbock, Texas
What You Need to Know About Asphalt Maintenance
If you're interested in learning more about Asphalt Maintenance, you've come to the right place. This article covers Preventative maintenance, Crack sealing, Sealcoating, and Overlaying. Hopefully, this article will answer any of your questions. And in case you have any more questions, feel free to contact us directly. Alternatively, you can read about these maintenance practices by reading our articles on paving. Here are a few tips:
A pre-existing pavement is a great place to start with preventative maintenance. Performing regular maintenance on asphalt can help it last longer and prevent the need for expensive repairs later on. You can prepare a checklist of tasks for a regular asphalt maintenance schedule that you can follow to ensure the pavement looks good for as long as possible. There are many ways to maintain your pavement, so make sure you use it to its full potential.
One way to extend the life of asphalt pavement is to perform regular preventative maintenance. This will allow you to extend the life of your pavement structure, which can save you thousands of dollars over the course of ten years. You can learn more about the preventative maintenance process by contacting your city engineer or director of public works. You can also get the necessary supplies and tools for the work yourself. Preventative maintenance will help you save money in the long run, so it's well worth it to consider it before investing in a new pavement.
In many cases, cracks are not completely sealed, allowing rain and moisture to seep through, eroding the base materials beneath the asphalt and causing potholes. Crack sealing slows the process of deterioration of the pavement by stopping moisture and preventing loss of aggregate. It can save a substantial amount of money over replacing the entire pavement. Here are some reasons to use crack sealing. Hopefully, these tips will prove to be helpful.
First, crack sealing is a long-term treatment. The best time to apply the material is when temperatures are moderate and the cracks are still small. Ideally, it should be applied when cracks are newly developed to maximize its effectiveness. In addition, crack sealing requires a minimum of two weeks to cure. Afterwards, it is recommended to use a de-tacking agent, such as liquid or fine sand, to prevent further damage to the surface.
If you are in need of asphalt maintenance or repair, you might be considering the benefits of sealcoating. Sealcoat is composed of heated asphalt bitumen, which turns viscous when it dries. Asphalt bitumen is a by-product of crude oil that is used in road construction. However, synthetic tar substances do not require heating before they can be applied to asphalt. In order to apply sealcoating, your asphalt surface must be completely dry and free of all debris.
There are many benefits to sealcoating your asphalt surface. It will prevent cracks and maintain its luster. But, choosing the right sealcoat is essential to keep it looking great and functioning properly for years to come. While some types of sealcoat are better for driveways, asphalt emulsions are the best. They provide protection against traffic while preventing bitumen from oxidizing and becoming brittle. Another benefit of applying sealcoat is that they dry within three to four hours.
Overlaying asphalt is a way of extending the life of existing pavements without completely tearing them out. This process can add several years of useful service without detracting from aesthetics or functionality. The cost of overlays may offset the savings made by not replacing the original pavement. However, proper application can prolong the life of a pavement up to fifteen years. Here are some of the advantages of asphalt overlays. These benefits make this maintenance strategy a great option for a wide variety of applications.
Overlays are only applicable over existing asphalt. This means that you'll have to take a few measures before laying the asphalt overlay. Root damage, huge potholes, and other types of damage that can't be fixed by overlaying will require tearing the structure apart. Poor drainage also makes it difficult to apply an asphalt overlay. In such cases, the surface must be graded to allow water to drain away easily. Asphalt milling is another option, which is a method of removing the damaged upper layer of asphalt to allow for an overlay to be applied.
Asphalt Resurfacing & Overlay in Lubbock, Texas
What Are the Benefits of Asphalt Resurfacing and Overlay Services? Ultimately, you'll be happy with the finished result, but what's the right approach for your situation?
What Are the Benefits of Asphalt Resurfacing And Overlay Services?
Let's look at cost, time, and preparation. Read on to learn more about repaving your driveway or parking lot. And then, contact a professional company to get the job done right! And don't forget to compare costs and labor times, too!
Asphalt resurfacing and overlay services are typically less expensive than a full reconstruction of the surface. Typically, the new layer sits one and a half to two inches above the existing concrete. Overlays are also a cheaper alternative to complete reconstruction, and they typically deliver the same level of quality. However, the cost of these services will depend on the type of asphalt you choose. Below are some of the factors to consider.
If your driveway is looking a little tired, it may be time to get an asphalt overlay or resurfacing service. Asphalt overlays are a relatively inexpensive method to fix surface damage. These services apply a new layer of asphalt over the old one, and the old surface serves as a foundation for the new asphalt. Because an overlay is less expensive than a full reconstruction, it may be a better choice if your driveway is getting too old or has extensive structural damage.
If you're looking to replace the pavement on your parking lot or highway, you'll want to know how much asphalt resurfacing and overlay services will cost. The cost will depend on a few different factors, including the square footage of the road, depth of repairs, and additional materials. To get a fair estimate, ask the contractors for an estimate for the labor required to resurface or overlay your road.
The preparation for asphalt resurfacing and overlay services begins with the removal of failed sections of the roadway. These sections are removed and replaced with a new section, either an asphalt overlay or a slurry resurfacing project. Inspectors determine which areas need resurfacing or replacement and may need surface treatment or a modified seal. This process should be performed systematically. The resulting resurfaced section will be up to one and a half inches higher than the existing concrete.
Using asphalt resurfacing and overlay services is an affordable and effective way to fix the problems on your pavement. Overlays can repair small cracks in your pavement, as well as fix larger ones. They are ideal for repairs of older pavements that have deteriorated. They can also improve the look of your parking lot or driveway. But how can you tell which one is right for you? Here are some tips to determine whether asphalt resurfacing and overlay services are right for you.
Overlays are an inexpensive solution to minor cracks in your asphalt driveway. However, they should only be used on a limited number of spots, such as minor stains and ruts. Overlays are not recommended for severely damaged asphalt because they may add to your total replacement cost. Instead, choose an asphalt repair company that offers a comprehensive range of resurfacing options. Listed below are the common problems associated with overlays.
Chip Sealing - Tar & Chip in Lubbock, Texas
The Benefits of Tar and Chip Driveways
Tar and Chip is an economical solution for homeowners seeking to create driveways or other paved surfaces. It requires less upkeep than asphalt, making it the preferred choice over homeowners looking for cost-effective driveways.
Additionally, it provides a stunning and durable driveway. Heavy rains typically won't wash it away, with some areas lasting up to 10 years before needing replacement - depending on its size and usage.
How It Works
Tar and chip paving has been an age-old technique used on numerous roads for over a century, from residential driveways to parking lots. The procedure involves mixing hot liquid asphalt cement (liquid A/C) with gravel before applying it onto a roadbed.
This paving material features a texture that provides better grip on slippery and snow-covered surfaces. Additionally, it's more substantial than gravel and ideal for homes with children or pets who have access to the drive; this will help prevent them from running away or falling off of the car.
Installing a Tar and Chip driveway is an easy process. A contractor brings in a sprayer filled with hot liquid asphalt to spray over the gravel base, then dumps in gravel chips into the hot tar. The end result is an attractive, natural-looking driveway that can be colored to match your house and landscape.
If the previous material is in good condition, you could install tar and chip over it. But before doing so, be sure to inspect the existing surface for damage.
When installing a new tar and chip driveway or having it resurfaced, be sure to select an experienced and professional contractor. A novice in this field may cost more money but provide subpar results.
Before selecting a contractor, take time to research local providers and contractors. Although many are experienced in this type of work, be sure to review their past work and qualifications before selecting them for your project.
Tar and chip do not need sealing on a regular basis like asphalt does, as small cracks usually heal themselves over time. In general, you can renew the surface around every ten years by adding more hot bitumen and loose stone for additional durability and smoothness.
It is best to use a plow or shovel that has its blade at or above the level of the tar and chip surface, rather than using an aggressive heavy plow or snow blower. Doing this prevents damage to the rough texture of tar and chip that may not always be easy to repair.
Tar and chip driveways provide better traction for vehicles on wet or snow-covered roads than asphalt or concrete, which may be more slippery. This makes them a safer alternative to these surfaces than their asphalt counterparts.
Colored Concrete in Lubbock, Texas
Colored Concrete - What Are the Different Types of Colored Concrete?
Concrete is a versatile and durable material that can be used for a variety of purposes. It is commonly used in commercial construction as well as for residential projects, such as pool decks and patios. However, concrete is not limited to these applications, and a number of different techniques can be used to color concrete to create unique effects.
One of the most popular uses for colored concrete is in pool decks, where it can be stamped and embossed to look like natural stone or to mimic other types of materials such as wood. This can create a more inviting and attractive space for people to relax in, as well as help to distinguish the area from other parts of the yard.
Other common uses for colored concrete include patios, driveways, walkways and other outdoor flooring surfaces. It is a great choice for patios, since it can be stained to match the existing color of the house and yard, and can also be textured to give it a more interesting and tactile surface. In addition, walkways and driveways can be made more appealing by using colored concrete, as it can add a pop of color to an otherwise dull surface.
There are several different methods for coloring concrete, including integral color, stain and dyes. Integral color is mixed directly into the concrete when it is poured, so it will last as long as the concrete does. However, this method has a limited color selection and can be expensive. Stain and dye are easier to apply, but they can be less durable than integral color.
Dyes are a good option for coloring existing concrete, since they can be used on top of the concrete without having to remove or replace it. They are available in a wide range of colors and can be applied to both new and old concrete. Additionally, dyes are consistent, so if you choose a specific color for your project, it will be the same throughout the entire surface of the concrete. Dyes are also polishable, so they will shine and will not fade in the sun as stain can.
If you are thinking of having colored concrete installed in your home or business, it is important to choose a professional contractor for the job. A reputable concrete contractor will have years of experience and will be familiar with all the different ways to work with concrete. In addition, they should be licensed and insured. This will protect you in the event of an accident or if the contractor fails to complete the job properly. In addition, they should be able to provide you with references from past clients who were satisfied with their work. When choosing a contractor, be sure to ask for a written contract that details all aspects of the project. This will prevent any misunderstandings and disagreements down the road.
Commercial Paving Services in Lubbock, Texas
Commercial paving involves the repairing and maintenance of public and private properties. In many countries, the government allocates a part of its budget for the paving of roads, buildings and other structures. The maintenance and repair of pavements and walkways is a regular task that is entrusted to commercial paving companies. There are a number of types of pavements, such as drainage, traffic control, beautification, and parking lots. For any establishment, it is important to have a well-maintained and beautiful pavement to make them look presentable and appealing.
Commercial Paving Services for Improvement of Business Facilities
Commercial paving can also be damaged by some external factors, such as severe weather, vandalism, careless parking, and the use of unsanitary practices. When parking lot owners or operators do not maintain their parking lots properly, they may find themselves liable for damages that arise due to such negligence. If asphalt pavement is prone to deterioration due to heavy rains or the use of an inferior sealant, they may end up having to repair the damaged areas. Repairing such damages may prove to be a costly venture, which is why it is essential to contact a reliable company that can provide durable, attractive, and cost-effective repairs.
A good commercial paving company should be able to provide durable and attractive commercial concrete structures that are able to withstand any type of weather. These structures should also be repaired or replaced easily and efficiently, in order to prevent inconveniences to both customers and business owners. A reputable company should always be able to perform regular maintenance activities such as drainage cleaning, color change, and stone removal. These tasks are important to maintain the cleanliness and condition of commercial concrete, which in turn helps in maintaining the value of the property.
One of the main tasks of any paving company is to maintain the overall appearance of its commercial parking lot or building. This can be achieved by regularly cleaning out the parking lot. This is one of the most effective ways of promoting the brand image of the company. Furthermore, regular maintenance of the commercial paving services will allow business owners to identify possible problems such as cracks and other types of damage. Such issues can be resolved quickly, without the need to completely replace the commercial asphalt or concrete.
Cracks and other damage to pavement should never be overlooked as these can affect the overall durability of a pavement. A qualified paving job crew should be able to repair all types of cracks that could be found in asphalt pavements. In case cracks are located in an area with high traffic, it is advisable to get them repaired immediately. For this reason, it is necessary to choose a paving job crew that has established contacts with experienced contractors.
Apart from cracked and damaged asphalt pavements, another area that can benefit from the service of a paving contractor is the parking lots. Parking lots that are not properly maintained can lead to a lot of problems for business owners. When the parking lot is not properly paved, it can expose the vehicle tires to uneven conditions. In addition, if the parking lot is not properly maintained, it can also reduce the life span of the vehicle tires. Therefore, it is advisable to contact professional pavement repair services to have a parking lot repaired and maintained.
Another popular commercial service that many business owners hire is the installation of blacktop. Blacktop is a layer of asphalt on the paved surfaces of the building. It makes the driveways look more attractive and extends the life of the building's driveways. However, blacktop requires regular cleaning and maintenance. Professional blacktop installation should be done by trained professionals so that the blacktop will not slip and will not damage the surrounding areas.
It is important to hire professionals for blacktop installations because some DIY ideas can be dangerous and damaging. The material that is used for blacktop is asphalt and it is very thick. Hence, improper handling of this material can lead to cracks and potholes. In addition to this, the process of installing bitumen can be messy and long. If the surface of the parking areas are not cleaned and maintained regularly, they can cause damage to the asphalt.
Concrete flatwork: Slabs & Driveways in Lubbock, Texas
How to Get the Best Results From Concrete Flatwork
Concrete flatwork adds to the beautification and value of a residential property. It is commonly used in sidewalks, patios and driveways, and it also appears as the subflooring of garages or basements. Concrete is one of the most durable materials available and it will stand up to a lot of wear and tear. However, to get the best results, homeowners should consider a few things before hiring contractors for this type of project.
Despite its name, flatwork doesn’t necessarily feature a flat finish. In fact, many modern applications are highly textured, with special patterns or colors added to give the resulting paved surface an appealing design. Concrete stamps can imitate the look of brick or stone, and specialty trowel work can create swirls or other designs. These kinds of finishing touches can greatly increase the visual appeal of a concrete flatwork surface and make it a unique design element in any outdoor living area.
To ensure a good result, it is important that the concrete flatwork is well consolidated and finished. A slurry of aggregate stone, cement and water is poured over the prepared ground and allowed to harden. This process is called curing. If the concrete isn’t properly consolidated after the pour it may become uneven or even crack later on.
The quality of the flatwork will also depend on how it is finished and the concrete mix used. The choice of finishing techniques can significantly alter the appearance of concrete flatwork and it’s best to discuss these options with contractors before the job begins. For example, smooth concrete is ideal for indoor floors but it can be slippery when wet so brush-textured concrete is better suited for exterior flatwork surfaces.
When choosing a concrete contractor for your next flatwork project, it is essential to get a quote from several professionals before making any decisions. This will help to eliminate contractors who are cutting corners or using less-quality materials in an effort to save money. This type of low-quality work will not last and will require replacement a lot sooner than a well-done project would.
A well-constructed and designed concrete flatwork system will provide years of service. But like all building materials it can be damaged by natural causes, environmental factors or human abuse. Cracking is a common problem and can be caused by expansion or contraction, vibration, excess loads and impact damage. It is also vulnerable to settlement and sinking if the ground underneath it is shifting or unstable. A professional can inspect the concrete and recommend repairs. The right contractor will be able to correct these issues quickly and effectively to minimize the risk of costly repair and replacement. They will also advise on any necessary preventative maintenance to protect your investment.
Concrete repair & Sealing in Lubbock, Texas
Every building material has a potential weakness: Wood rots, metal corrodes and concrete cracks. However, unlike rotting wood or corrosiond metal, sound structures with only surface damage such as cracks can usually be repaired back to like-new condition.
First and foremost, identify the issue. This involves pinpointing its cause, significance and location before deciding how best to repair it.
Based on the cause of the issue, different repair methods may be required, and this depends on the structural integrity of the structure. It also involves assessing how much work needs to be done in order to bring back the structure back to its original condition.
When fixing a crack in concrete, the following steps are recommended: Remove damaged material and any debris around the area to be repaired. Use either a heavy-duty trowel or cold chisel to break up any loose concrete, then sweep with either a brush or broom to ensure all dust and particles have been eliminated.
If the area being repaired is larger than 2 inches thick, a bonding agent may be required to help the concrete stick together. On the other hand, some repair materials don't need this step for effective results.
Establish the Severity of a Concrete Crack: Assessing the severity of a crack is essential in deciding the most suitable and effective repair option for a given structure. Generally, small or fine cracks that measure less than 0.3 mm in width do not need to be addressed, but when they widen into structural issues, they could compromise the stability of your foundation.
In such cases, it's essential to identify the causes of cracking and any design or construction errors that may have contributed to it. Once this information has been gathered, a professional concrete inspector can assess how severe the issue truly is.
Utilizing a Repair Mortar: There are various types of repair mortars to choose from, so the right one for your repair depends on its scope and purpose. Some can be applied horizontally or vertically while others are ideal for filling and covering large cracks.
What type of concrete repair you need depends on what product is necessary. For instance, if the damage is only minor, then opt for a product that's easy to pour and level into an open hole or spot. Ideally, look for ready-to-pour or bottle/tub options.
Consider Your Experience with Repairs:
As either a novice or experienced concrete contractor, it is essential to have an in-depth understanding of the repairs required and what needs to be done. Doing this will guarantee the best possible outcome and help you avoid costly errors when repairing concrete.
Concrete Retaining Walls in Lubbock, Texas
How to Construct Concrete Retaining Walls
Concrete Retaining Walls are one of the most versatile and durable materials used for landscaping. In combination with other landscape features such as French drains, swales, berms and guttering they can help manage water flow away from foundations during storms and floods. They are also important for changing the grade on a property to reduce erosion, promote plant growth and provide a more natural yard.
There are many options for building a retaining wall: poured concrete walls, block walls and mortared or dry-stacked stone walls. Depending on your desired look and style of landscaping, we will work with you to determine the best construction method.
Poured concrete walls offer the highest level of customization but require a great deal of skill to construct properly. The concrete must be poured precisely to create a straight, level wall without cracking or bulging. Generally, this type of wall is only used for larger commercial projects as it can be very costly for residential work.
If your retaining wall is to be constructed in clay soil, you will need to incorporate drainage into the final design. This is because the soil will tend to become saturated behind the wall if it becomes wet. This is easily avoided by incorporating the proper drainage into the final design and routing it away from the wall.
When building a retaining wall with a poured concrete core, it is important that you have the proper excavation done for your project. The excavation should be based on the size of your retaining wall and it should be at least two feet deep below the seasonal frost line for your climate.
Another way to avoid structural failure in a retaining wall is by incorporating proper reinforcement into your construction process. This includes adding rebar for strength and to prevent the walls from cracking. We recommend that rebar be placed every 16” on center for maximum strength.
The most common retaining wall constructions are made of block or concrete. This is because block and concrete are very strong materials that are able to support large amounts of soil pressure. Concrete blocks can be stacked together to create a very tall retaining wall and can be finished with a variety of different architectural styles.
Brick walls can add a beautiful aesthetic to any landscape but they are not as strong as a solid retaining wall. If you decide to use a brick as the face of your retaining wall, we recommend that you also use a concrete block for the core. This will ensure that the retaining wall is strong enough for your purposes.
Mortared or dry-stacked stone retaining walls are simple to build but aren’t as strong as other retaining wall constructions. They can be built up to four feet in height but aren’t recommended for walls taller than this. These types of retaining walls often need to be reinforced and may need weep holes or a concrete footing to relieve soil pressure.
Earthwork and Grading in Lubbock, Texas
Earthwork and grading both play important roles in the construction process, but what exactly is each? The process of earthwork is defined as any work involving the movement of earth or soil. Grading involves the grading of the soil to conform to the requirements of a construction plan. There are many types of earthworks and grading. Let's take a look at some of them.
Earthwork and Grading - Tools to Help You Create the Project of Your Dreams
Soil grading involves analysis and testing of the soil. Basically, earthwork and grading tasks include Subgrade leveling and preparation. Backfilling. Subgrade engineering.
One of the most common types of earthworks and grading is backfilling. It is the filling of an underground pit or hole with earth. Most backfill jobs are for roads and utilities, although some home and commercial projects also use this service. Backfills involve the removal of earth that does not move into a new hole. The cost of a backfill job ranges depending on the size and material of the hole being filled.
Backfills can be as small as 5 feet, where as large as hundreds of yards are used for roadbeds and huge excavations. In the excavation type of earthwork, the job requires a giant tool like a bulldozer or tractor. The smaller earthwork and grading services entail the removal of earth using a digging machine, a scoop or a truck.
Shiloh is a type of earthwork and grading project that involves cutting horizontal slits in the earth to create pockets for pipes and electrical wires. There are two types of Shiloh. One kind is horizontal, and one is vertical. In horizontal Shiloh, the earth is removed horizontally, and the ground is leveled off. In vertical Shiloh, the earth is removed vertically, and the soil moved to create pockets for various pipes and electrical wires.
Earthwork and grading involve digging large trenches and then burrowing and pouring the earth inside them. Most earthwork and grading jobs require large, heavy earth mills. When choosing an earthwork company, you should look for experience in the type of earthwork and grading that you need. You should also inquire about the cost and whether they use specialized equipment for their earthwork jobs.
Earthwork and grading companies have their own work sites and operations. Some of them are large operations that include several people and earthmovers and half the total workforce of the land works force. Other companies operate just individually, with a few operators and a few machines. It depends on your needs and the size of your job. Some of the earthwork and grading projects can be completed quickly while others may take a few months before they're done.
When you choose a company for earthwork and grading, you should request for a free estimate. This will give you a good idea of what the project is going to cost you. It's important to know what the total cost will be before you agree to anything. There are many companies that are only concerned about the money they'll make on the project, while many companies will offer a free quote so you can determine whether or not the estimate is realistic or not. It is important to compare the costs of various companies because some of them charge you for the earthwork and grading as well as the labour charges. The cheapest company won't always be the best choice for your projects.
There are different kinds of earthwork and grading services that you can use for your projects. For example, you can use earthmoving earthworks and grading services to help you move the soil on your farm. You can also use this kind of service to level the topsoil in your backyard or in your patio. There are several kinds of earthwork and grading equipment that can be used for these projects.
You can find earth mills, trucks, and other equipment on the internet. There are also companies that can provide the equipment for your project. Many of the companies that have earthwork and grading equipment online can offer a reasonable price, so you don't have to worry about the cost of hiring outside help for your earthwork and grading project. They can also offer estimates for your projects.
Earthwork and grading can be very beneficial to you. This is especially true if you have a large amount of land that you need to work. You will be able to create projects on your own instead of relying on contractors. If you would like to make your own projects, then it is important that you learn about earthwork and grading first. This will allow you to have better success with your earthwork and grading projects. If you want to make sure that your projects are done right the first time, then you will need to make sure that you are prepared to learn all about earthwork and grading.
Excavation in Lubbock, Texas
Excavation is a construction technique that utilizes tools, equipment and manpower to move soil or rock. It's an important part of many building construction projects and can be utilized for various reasons.
The Basics of Earth Excavation
Excavation begins with a thorough site examination and planning. This will define the size, depth and boundaries of the area to be excavated. Once approved by the local authority, excavation work can commence.
Before beginning this process, the site must be carefully examined to protect both its natural habitat and any artifacts that have survived during excavation. Subsequently, contractors will create drawings for the area which clearly define its boundaries.
Before beginning excavation, it is essential to lay a strong foundation. This will support the structure you are building and prevent it from sinking.
Before any excavation can begin, the ground must first be leveled and cleared of debris. This will be accomplished using various machinery such as excavators and bulldozers.
Additionally, you should clear away any debris that could disrupt the construction process, such as branches, trees or rocks. Doing this will guarantee your building is in top condition for use during construction.
Another essential step of excavation is discovering a way to retrieve any artifacts that may remain undisturbed during the procedure. These could include pottery shards or flint flakes.
Archaeologists use these materials to create a record of an archaeological site, which allows them to reconstruct it three-dimensionally - this process is known as stratigraphic excavation.
Archaeologists must do extensive research before beginning excavation to minimize damage to both the environment and archaeological deposits they are working on. Doing this allows them to make informed decisions that will minimize this effort's environmental impact as well as that of their project.
Once you have a clear idea of your materials, the next step is to select an excavation method that best meets your requirements. Ultimately, this will depend on what needs to be removed from the surface and how much material needs to be moved.
For instance, if you are building a concrete wall in the middle of a residential home, footing excavation is likely necessary. This ensures that the concrete will rest on a strong foundation and not be subject to cracking or decay.
If you need to dig a hole in a concrete structure for plumbing or electrical lines, trench excavation is necessary. This involves excavating an underground trench.
Tunneling media can vary in stability or competency (non-squeezing) depending on the in situ stress and rock mass strength. For instance, a weak overstressed rock mass would experience squeezing ground condition, while hard and massive overstressed rocks might experience burst conditions.
Line Striping in Lubbock, Texas
Asphalt is an expensive and a very common pavement material. Protecting it from inclement weather is important.
Asphalt Striping Contractors Remove Existing Strips and Paint Buttons
Asphalt striping is vital for proper parking lot upkeep. Sealing concrete helps prevent cracking and extends the life of the underlying asphalt. If protecting your investment is of topmost importance, asphalt striping should definitely be part of any asphalt maintenance schedule and road construction plan.
Asphalt parking lots, including industrial ones, have inclement weather-related conditions more often than other parking lots. Snow, rain, sleet and even ice; conditions make this a challenge for even the most seasoned asphalt striping company. To deal with inclement weather, asphalt paint protects the integrity of the asphalt. It also works as an anti-corrosion agent. By preventing cracking and chipping, this anti-icing paint reduces the need for additional sealcoating in the future.
If the parking lot is new, it's wise to protect it with a basic asphalt striping paint. This can be applied on a new parking lot after its construction has been completed. The good side to using a standard asphalt striping paint is that it's very inexpensive. It's also easy to apply and requires only moderate labor input. A parking lot with inclement weather should be sealed immediately with a regular anti-icing paint.
Asphalt striping and sealing are both done with latex paint. These two methods work very well in combination because they seal the edges and provide a protective coat against moisture. Latex also helps to give the edges a polished appearance that many people appreciate. Because both methods use little labor, your total cost is likely to be less than what would be required for hiring professionals to complete the job. In addition, the asphalt striping will be finished sooner than what would happen if you were to hire a professional paving company.
Asphalt line striping and asphalt parking lot sealing are done with polyurethane paint. Unlike many other types of paint, polyurethane doesn't crack or chip. This type of paint is very resistant to sunlight and won't fade. By applying the polyurethane coating, you can protect your painted surface from fading even during inclement weather. You can easily scrape off the old paint and replace it with the new polyurethane coat.
Because asphalt parking lots and street markings are exposed to rain and snow, they need to be sealed in order to protect the integrity of the pavement markings and prevent leaks. Sealcoating is done on asphalt surfaces when the weather gets below freezing. You must apply the coating when the pavement is wet because the cold air will seal the moisture in the asphalt. When you drive over an asphalt parking lot, the water that has accumulated on the surface will freeze and will turn white when it gets cold. This gives you the appearance of ice.
The old driveway at your home could use a makeover. In addition to increasing curb appeal, you can improve safety and reduce energy costs by sealing your asphalt and improving the appearance of your driveway. Professional paving companies use the latest technology to seal your asphalt and lines with an advanced epoxy polyurethane coating that will not crack or chip. Improved sealing methods help prevent future water damage to your asphalt and lines. You will also find that your parking lot and street signs will be more durable and safer to drive over because of improved traction and design.
If you are looking for an economical and aesthetic appeal, epoxy polyurethane paints for paved areas can provide you with the look and durability that you want without the expense and labor of removing existing stripes and paint chips. Polyurethane gives you the benefit of high-performance, low maintenance and long-lasting protection from water, sun, stains and wear and tear. Epoxy also provides a non-reflective surface that will reduce glare and other eye-weariness associated with paints.
Paver patios, driveways & walkways in Lubbock, Texas
Advantages and Disadvantages of Paver Patios
A paver patio adds to the beauty of your backyard. It also offers you a low-maintenance, durable outdoor space that can be a great place to entertain guests. However, it's important to research the advantages and disadvantages of paver patios before you decide to install one. You should also consult with a professional to make sure that the patio will fit your needs.
Installing paver patios is an easy process. The most common method is to use plastic paver edging. This consists of a thin, plastic mat that spreads the load and provides a protective layer. It also has built-in channels that drain water to a sand layer below.
There are a variety of designs to choose from. Some are asymmetrical, which is ideal for creating a natural look. Others include a basket weave pattern, which utilizes rectangular pavers laid in a block design. Other designs feature a contrasting border, which can add a modern flair.
When choosing a laying pattern, consider the grade of the soil. This is especially important for designs with multiple pieces. If the ground is soft and weak, the concrete slab may break easily. Conversely, a heavier and thicker base can help keep the pavers in place.
In addition to color, you should select a pattern that fits your home. There are many types of pavers available, including brick, shellock, travertine, and concrete. Each of these types can have its own distinct look. Choosing a paving design that matches your home is a good way to maximize your outdoor space and create a functional, attractive backyard.
Another benefit of paver patios is that they're not as susceptible to cracking as traditional patios. Paver patios often have a variety of joints, which are filled with sand when the patio is first installed. As the patio ages, this sand will erode and need to be replaced. Fortunately, you can prevent the erosion of these sand joints by using polymeric sand. This sand contains fine grains of silica that form a binding agent when mixed with water. These joints will last for two to five years, and will need a quick touch up from time to time.
Once the paver patio is in place, it is important to maintain the area. This includes sweeping or power washing to remove seeds from the pavers. Watering the area with a hose can also help cool the pavers down. Make sure you get rid of any weeds that have sprouted between the pavers, as they can grow into the joints and make your patio a hazard.
Protective sealers are also a good idea. Using a sealer will protect your patio from deterioration by the sun's UV rays and from environmental wear. Sealers come in a variety of finishes, including wet-look films, and may need to be reapplied occasionally. They're also an inexpensive option, and come in a variety of colors.
Choosing the right outdoor landscape is a key component to keeping your patio looking its best for many years. To ensure your new paver patio meets all local codes, check with your county's building department for permits and inspections.
Residential Paving Services in Lubbock, Texas
Asphalt paving for residential driveways is a cost effective and long-lasting alternative to concrete. This type of paving offers many advantages, including high skid resistance, low maintenance, and a smoother surface. It is often used to pave pathways, parking lots, and even cart paths.
Tips For Installing Residential Paving
One of the biggest advantages of asphalt is its ability to be designed to suit a wide variety of soils and conditions. A good paving contractor will also take into consideration budgetary concerns as well as the durability of the product.
The most popular type of residential paving is the asphalt driveway. These driveways are a cost-effective and attractive way to enhance the look of your home. However, installing a new one is not an easy task. As a result, you should hire a reputable paving company.
Before you begin, you should make sure that the project is approved by the municipality. Depending on the size of your property, you may need to work with the zoning board or planning department. If your paving job includes a subdrain, you will also have to consider the water management for the job.
If you have an existing concrete driveway, it may be possible to simply remove it and have the subbase converted to a new subbase for overlaying. However, this is not always the best option. For example, if your property has clayey soil, you will have to prepare the subbase properly.
Other options include the use of decorative concrete or an asphalt resurfacing process. Regardless of the material you choose, you should always look for the best paving company for your project. You can do this by contacting the Better Business Bureau or visiting the projects of potential contractors.
The best way to determine the appropriate thickness of asphalt is to take into account the specific needs of your project. While there are no hard and fast rules, a good rule of thumb is to use at least 2" of asphalt for residential projects.
The smallest sized square yard of asphalt weighs between two and four tons. When comparing the cost of different types of paving materials, you should also consider the cost of labor, the costs of materials, and the time involved in the process. In addition, you will need to decide whether you would rather have an underdrain or not. Many residential driveways don't require underdrains, but some may.
Another advantage of an asphalt paving is the fact that it's much less expensive to install than other paving materials. In addition, it is far less susceptible to cracking than other types of paving materials. Lastly, it is very durable, allowing it to last for years without requiring a lot of maintenance.
Whether you are looking for a new residential driveway or resurfacing your current one, you should seek the help of a trusted paving contractor. The right choice can mean the difference between a beautiful and functional driveway and a disastrous one. Moreover, a good paving company will be able to answer all of your questions and address all of your concerns, helping you get the most out of your paving budget.
Sealcoating in Lubbock, Texas
Sealcoating Your Home
When you are considering sealcoating your home, you need to decide how much the service will cost and what benefits it will offer. Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using tar-based sealants, and the requirements for sealcoating. Continue reading to learn more! You can also learn about the different types of sealants and how they can benefit your home. But before you decide to get your home sealed, you should know what it takes to make your house look great afterward.
Costs of sealcoating
Cost of sealcoating differs according to the type and amount of surface it is applied to. Residential properties typically require a single coat of sealcoating to protect them from the elements. Commercial properties, on the other hand, may require more than one coat. Commercial properties include office buildings, shopping centers, corporate campuses, industrial parks, self-storage facilities, trucking facilities, and retirement communities. Homeowners' associations, apartments, and hospitality properties can also benefit from sealcoating.
Sealcoating requires proper preparation and materials. Unlike painting, sealcoating involves a little bit of equipment. While you can hire a professional sealcoating company, the average homeowner cannot afford to hire a sealcoat professional. The cheapest tool is an industrial push broom. You can also use a power blower to remove debris, which can cost more than $1500. Once you've found a reliable sealcoating contractor, it's time to get to work!
When it comes to materials, the cost of sealcoat depends on the amount of surface area it covers. The larger the surface area, the more expensive the sealant and labor. The table below outlines the materials, equipment, and labor costs of sealcoating projects. Each category has its own breakdown. If you're unsure of the exact amount you'll spend, contact a sealcoat contractor in your area and ask them to provide an estimate.
In addition to saving on labor costs, DIY sealcoating is a fun way to spend quality time with family and friends. While DIY sealcoating is a great way to save money, it requires poor-quality tools, trial and error, and can even cause you to ruin clothes and skin. For these reasons, hiring a sealcoating company is still a smart idea. If you're considering starting a sealcoating business, consider the costs and profit potential to get started.
The average cost for sealcoating a parking lot is approximately 40 cents per square foot. But that cost can be considerably higher depending on the type of equipment and sealant you choose. Low-end sealants cost anywhere from six to nine cents per square foot and will cover up to 400 square feet. Top-grade sealants will cost as much as $25 per pail. There are many factors that determine the total cost for sealcoating a parking lot.
Benefits of sealcoating
Besides its aesthetic benefits, sealcoating also helps extend the life of pavements. Its non-porous surface makes cleaning easier, while its superior sun blocking properties prevent fading of colors. Moreover, the process of sealcoating is more cost-effective than overlaying the entire pavement. And the savings are significant since sealcoating requires minimal maintenance and reduces repair costs. Therefore, it is beneficial for business owners to invest in sealcoating services.
Besides providing an extra layer of protection, sealcoating can also prevent cracks. Water will seep into untreated asphalt, spreading cracks and weakening its integrity. However, sealcoating prevents such damages by creating a protective layer on top of the asphalt. As a result, the pavement looks newer and lasts longer. In addition to this, pavement problems will be less frequent and will only show up if the sealcoating process is not followed.
Another benefit of sealcoating is that it helps accelerate the melting of snow. When applied, sealcoating also protects against rain, frost, and water penetration. However, you should make sure that the temperature of the pavement and the surrounding air are above 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Before applying the seal coat, make sure that the surface is free from dust and debris. If you need to cover a large area with sealcoating, you can also use a sprayer.
Apart from being more cost-effective, sealcoating can improve the appearance of your parking lot. For example, if your parking lot is in good shape, your customers will feel safer when they park their vehicles. In addition to this, sealcoating prevents potholes and asphalt cracks, which make parking lots look slick and safe. And if your parking lot looks old and shabby, potential customers will be repelled by it.
Similarly, asphalt pavements are susceptible to cracks and oxidation. Moreover, the expansion of water as ice can weaken the surface of the asphalt. And in some cases, the asphalt will completely wash out, destroying the gravel base beneath it. However, sealcoating can significantly extend the lifespan of an asphalt surface. And if you're wondering whether asphalt pavements need to be sealed, here's what you need to know.
Disadvantages of tar-based sealants
Many cities are hesitant to use coal tar products in new pavement. This is largely because of the carcinogenic risk of the substance, which is readily absorbed through the skin. In addition to this, coal tar-based sealants are not as long-lasting as asphalt alternatives. Therefore, customers might simply give up on resealing their pavement. This, in turn, could lead to a higher rate of resealing.
The environmental problems caused by coal tar-based sealants have prompted bans in 10 states and the District of Columbia. While research on trends in PAHs indicates that the pollution from coal tar-based sealants is not the main cause of PAHs, it may reduce their concentrations in urban water bodies. For example, a study by the University of New Hampshire found elevated levels of these chemicals in areas adjacent to coal tar. Additionally, officials in Austin, Texas, found high levels of PAHs in their waterways, which were attributed to coal tar-based sealants.
Another disadvantage of tar-based sealants is the high cost. Coal tar is expensive and not durable enough for commercial applications. In addition, it has been linked to increased traffic wearout, a condition known as raveling. DOT inspectors usually notice this problem when they come to inspect your pavement. There are no approved alternatives to coal tar emulsions. But coal tar has several advantages.
In addition to the high cost, it also contributes to pollution in the air. Children living near sealed parking lots ingest up to fourteen times more PAHs than children who don't live near these parking lots. Also, the dust generated by sealcoat abrading can lead to higher levels of PAHs than the concentrations in the air around a car. And if you're a sealcoat applicator, your skin is exposed to a higher dose of this toxic substance than you would inhale.
A study from 2009 suggests that coal-tar-based sealcoat contributes to greater PAHs than any other source. According to this study, coal-tar-based sealcoat contributed to 58 percent of the PAHs in Lady Bird Lake, a reservoir on the Colorado River in Austin. Since then, other cities have followed Austin's lead. In addition to imposing a fine, violating companies may face jail time.
Requirements for sealcoating
The initial application of sealcoat is important, but proper mix design and application rates are also important. Using a proper mix design procedure and Materials Inspection is essential to the success of any seal coat application. Once the binder is applied to the roadbed, the cover aggregate shall be removed by a rotary power broom. Then, pneumatic tire rollers will embed the cover aggregate. The inflation pressure for the rollers must be at least 80 psi. In this process, the contractor must adhere to a uniform spread pattern.
A proper cure time for sealcoats depends on weather conditions. The sealcoat material needs direct sunlight for the majority of its drying time. A mostly cloudy surface prevents proper drying and can significantly reduce the quality of the finished coating. If the surface is not fully dry, the application may be delayed or abandoned. For best results, the surface must be dry and free of water and dust before the final application. Then, the coating should cure for at least eight hours before it is opened to traffic.
The correct mix of a sealer is necessary to achieve a satisfactory result. The manufacturer of the sealer should recommend any additives that will enhance the performance of the sealer. If they are not supplied by the same manufacturer, it is advisable to consult the producer and manufacturer before making changes to the mix. Additionally, it is necessary to strictly follow the instructions on application and drying time. If the application process is not properly performed, the sealer may not be effective and may cause premature wear.
A good surface is essential for the proper application of a seal coat or chip seal. For instance, a surface that is subject to heavy traffic must be level before applying the seal coat or chip seal. This will prevent bleeding, or the asphalt being tracked or failing due to excessive traffic. When the surface is unstable, a leveling course can be used before applying the seal coat or chip seal. When the surface is stable, the marking process can follow.
Site Construction in Lubbock, Texas
Site construction is the process of preparing the ground for the construction of a building or structure. It includes a number of different tasks, including clearing the site, excavating, and grading. It also involves putting in drainage and piping for sewer and water lines.
The Importance of Site Construction
It’s important to prepare the site properly if you want your new building to last for many years. A good sitework contractor starts by clearing the space of debris and brush to ensure that it’s level. They then compact the soil and do fine grading work to create a solid foundation for the rest of the project.
The Site Sketch is a vital part of the planning stage for any building project. It helps real estate developers and local municipal officials determine whether or not the project is feasible. It includes a rough layout of the entire construction site. It's a great way to get everyone on the same page about the proposed design.
Once a site sketch is approved, the project can move forward. A civil engineer will take the drawing and create a detailed plan that captures major elements of site construction, including drainage, utilities, and sitework.
Having a site sketch in hand when it comes time to bid on the project will save you a lot of time and money down the road. It can also help you avoid a lot of hassles by making sure that the project doesn’t go over budget.
A good sitework contractor will have all of the necessary equipment to complete these jobs efficiently and safely. They will also be able to provide you with the information you need about how much the job will cost and how long it will take to complete.
Construction Sites Are Dangerous
A construction site is a place where many people gather and work together. It is very important to ensure that all workers are safe at all times, as they are working with heavy machinery and potentially dangerous materials. Several safety measures can help ensure that the site is safe, including proper signage and the installation of emergency kits and first aid supplies.
These measures can be expensive, but they are well worth it. They can prevent accidents and injuries and can reduce the costs associated with lost productivity due to illness or injury.
The cost of sitework is not just a one-time expense; it's something that should be budgeted for on a regular basis as you build your home or office. It's an investment in your property that will pay off for years to come.
There are a variety of different sites that you can purchase for your construction project. These can range in price depending on the location and the type of building you're planning to build.
Some sites are more expensive than others, so it's important to do your research and find the right place for you. You'll want to consider factors like traffic flow, the view from your front door, and the quality of the soil in the area.
Stamped Concrete in Lubbock, Texas
How to Install a Stamped Concrete Walkway
Whether used as a pathway to your front door or from the house to a shed, a beautiful stamped concrete walkway enhances the look of your property while providing you with an easy way to get around. Compared to pavers, brick or other expensive materials, a stamped concrete walkway is more budget-friendly, and it requires less maintenance. A well-maintained stamped concrete walkway can last a lifetime and add 15% value to your home.
This decorative finish is made by imprinting a pre-mixed concrete slab with special patterns or textures before it hardens. It can be applied to an existing concrete surface or as an overlay on freshly poured concrete. Depending on the pattern, it can mimic the look of stone, wood, tile, brick or cobblestone. The result is a textured, colored concrete that is more cost-effective than other materials.
After the concrete has cured, it is tinted with a color hardener. This is usually done by a professional, as it involves broadcasting dry powder across the still-damp concrete. It takes a lot of experience to spread the dye evenly and ensure that it's saturated throughout the entire surface.
Once the concrete is tinted, it's time to stamp it. This is accomplished with plastic mats that are pressed into the concrete, leaving behind indentations. The concrete is then walked on or tapped with a large wooden mallet to create the desired pattern. After the concrete has been stamped, it needs to cure for a few more days. During this time, it's important to keep it moist by watering it several times per day. This will help prevent cracking, which can happen even with properly installed concrete. If the concrete does crack, it's typically easy to repair.